DAPP Vaccine (Distemper, Adenovirus Type 2, Parainfluenza, Parvovirus)
Distemper: The term dis-temper literally means “Bad” “Temper”. It is an old term that meant a severe cold or flu. Distemper is a viral disease of dogs that is usually fatal. It affects the respiratory system causing severe flu-like symptoms at first. Most puppies will survive this episode, but approximately two weeks later, they will develop the fatal neurologic form of the disease. The virus then infects the brain and the puppy may have “chewing gum fits” and seizures.
Adenovirus Type 2: This virus is on of the causes of the respiratory disease in dogs commonly known as kennel cough. This vaccination will not prevent infection; however it lessens its effects. By doing so, the chance of secondary bacterial infection is minimized.
Parainfluenza: A viral disease causing canine cough. It is considered a minor respiratory infection among healthy adult dogs, but can be severe in puppies or debilitated dogs. It is characterized by mild fever, nasal discharge, reddened tonsils and a harsh, non-productive cough.
Parvovirus: This highly contagious disease of dogs is relatively new (1974) and often results in death, especially in puppies. Parvovirus normally infects the dog’s intestines, lymphoid tissue and bone marrow. The result is vomiting which is usually severe, bloody diarrhea; and severe dehydration. It mostly affects young pets that have not been adequately immunized.
Vaccination Frequency: Vaccinations are given starting at 6-8 weeks then boostered at 10-12 weeks, and 14-16 weeks (every 3-4 weeks to 14-16 weeks). Adult’s primary: Two doses at 3-4 week intervals. Repeat 1 year after primary series then every 3 years
This bacterial disease causes permanent kidney and liver damage, and is easily spread to other animals and to humans. Clinical signs include fever, vomiting, depression, dehydration, anorexia and muscular stiffness. Leptospirosis can lead to kidney failure, liver failure and blood clotting disorders, all of which can be fatal.
Vaccination Frequency: All Puppies: 12 weeks or older and repeat in 2-4 weeks. Booster annually or 6 month for high risk dogs (hunting, all time spent outdoors).
Rabies is the most frequently requested vaccine for pets because most people have heard of this highly fatal viral infection of the nervous system which affects all warm-blooded animal species. Rabies is one of the few 100% fatal diseases that are transferable to humans from pets. It is a State Law that dogs and cats be vaccinated for rabies beginning at 12 weeks of age. We recommend a rabies vaccination for all pets at risk, e.g. outdoor pets and pets that will come in contact with other animals.
Vaccination Frequency: The first vaccination provides immunity for 1 year and is required by law at 12 weeks of age. If regular immunizations are provided the subsequent vaccines are due every three years.
Lyme disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected tick, and is the most common arthropod-borne disease among dogs and humans in the U.S. Signs of infection include sudden lameness, evidence of severe pain, swollen joints, depression and a total reluctance to move. Incidence has increased dramatically in our geographic region recently.In our area, a large number of ticks are observed; therefore hunting dogs or those who spend time in the woods and fields are most likely to contract this disease. Prevention is key; lyme vaccine may be recommended as part of your dog’s lyme disease prevention protocol
Vaccination Frequency: Vaccination are given starting at 12 weeks or older with a booster vaccination 2-4 weeks later then are given annually thereafter.
This highly contagious bacterium causes respiratory disease and is the most common contributor to canine cough and pneumonia. Animals are usually vaccinated against Bordetella prior to boarding, grooming, or dog shows. Signs of infection include a dry, hacking cough or coughing spasms followed by retching or gagging. Toy breeds and geriatric dogs are especially high risk for chronic respiratory disease. In most cases of kennel cough, the disease is multifaceted and will include a combination of bacterial and viral agents. The intranasal vaccination gives some immunity within twenty-four to thirty-six hours; therefore we give this as the first vaccination.
Vaccination Frequency: Bordetella is given at least two weeks before boarding or grooming situation if boarding or grooming is an infrequent event. If your pet is in a social environment like boarding, grooming, or is in close contact with other animals on a regular basis, we recommend Bordetella be given every 6 months.